Toki, Stone ; 1300-1900; New Zealand; MT1993.94


Toki, Stone

About this object

Toki; a large stone toki (adze), weighing approximately 4.75kg. It is designed for heavy work such as felling trees. This adze was found by Mr John Clark while he was ploughing a paddock on his Waikana farm, near Mataura in 1957.

Stone tool specialist, Russell Beck assessed the toki in March 2015 and advised that it is made from Argillite from the Greenhills area near Bluff. The stone is technically known as altered volcanic microbreccia. The adze is unfinished, it is hammer dressed all over. A portion of the bevel shows a start on cutting the angle back with course hammer dressing. The cutting edge stills shows the rough out stage as do several other areas of the adze. The butt has two horns and the overall style is a Duff 1A. It is designed to be lashed onto a wooden haft.

This style of adze dates back to the first settlement period beginning in the 13th century, so it dates some time since that period. It is of a style that was developed in east Polynesia. The oxidised (weathered) surface suggests it was buried in the ground for a long time.

Date Made


Place Made

New Zealand

Subject and Association Keywords


Medium and Materials

inorganic, stone, basalt


h 70 mm x l 370 mm x w 118 mm

Object Type


Object number


Copyright Licence  

Attribution (cc) Attribution (cc)

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