Book, 'Chardenal's First French Course'; C. A. Chardenal; 1870; XAH.C.865




Book, 'Chardenal's First French Course'

About this object

This hardbound book entitled ‘Chardenal’s First French Course’ was used by Mildred Kerr Taylor for her studies of the French language.

Mildred attended a private primary school in Morningside, Auckland, which consisted of only 10 pupils. Later, she attended Auckland Girls’ High School where she studied subjects such as arithmetic, geography, French, Latin, sewing, singing, and drawing, as well as other skills required for running a large household. (1)

During the 19th century, educating girls was seen by many parents to be fruitless. This was because women were expected to marry, have children, and run a household, all of which did not need formal education. It was common for girls to attend primary school in order to obtain a basic knowledge of reading, writing, and maths, but they were less likely to attend secondary school. (2)

Because Mildred came from a well-off family, she received a higher education than most other girls of her era. However, this still did not mean that Mildred was able to embark upon a career. Once she completed high school, Mildred stayed at home and assisted in the daily running of the family household. Despite the expectations that young women were to marry and become mothers, Mildred never did so, and lived with her sisters, Winifred and Muriel, until her death.

(1) Jan Harris, ‘Alberton and Its Family,’ 1999
(2) Anne Else, ‘Gender Inequalities – Education,’ Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, URL:, accessed 6 May 2014

For more information about the Kerr Taylor family and Alberton, which is cared for by Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga, visit our website.


C. A. Chardenal

Maker Role



Williams Collins, Sons & Co. Ltd. (estab. 1819)

Maker Role


Date Made


Place Made

Glasgow, Scotland

Medium and Materials



17 x 12cm

Credit Line

Collection of Alberton, Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga

Object Type


Object number


Copyright Licence  

All rights reserved

This object is from
Alberton   Alberton

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