Book, 'Chardenal's Second French Course'; C. A. Chardenal; 1869; XAH.C.864




Book, 'Chardenal's Second French Course'

About this object

This hardbound book entitled ‘Chardenal’s Second French Course’ was used by Vincent, Winifred, and Mildred Kerr Taylor for their studies of the French language.

Winifred and Mildred attended a private primary school in Morningside, Auckland, which consisted of only 10 pupils. Later, they attended Auckland Girls’ High School where they studied subjects such as arithmetic, geography, French, Latin, sewing, singing, and drawing, as well as other skills required for running a large household. (1)

During the 19th century, educating girls was seen by many parents to be fruitless. This was because women were expected to marry, have children, and run a household, all of which did not need formal education. It was common for girls to attend primary school in order to obtain a basic knowledge of reading, writing, and maths, but they were less likely to attend secondary school. (2)

Because Winifred and Mildred came from a well-off family, they received a higher education than most other girls of their era. However, this still did not mean that Winifred and Mildred were able to embark upon a career. Once they completed high school, Winifred and Mildred stayed at home and assisted in the daily running of the family household. Despite the expectations that young women would marry and become mothers, Winifred and Mildred never did so, and lived with their younger sister, Muriel, at Alberton until their deaths.

(1) Jan Harris, ‘Alberton and Its Family,’ 1999
(2) Anne Else, ‘Gender Inequalities – Education,’ Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, URL:, accessed 6 May 2014

For more information about the Kerr Taylor family and Alberton, which is cared for by Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga, visit our website.


C. A. Chardenal

Maker Role



Williams Collins, Sons & Co. Ltd. (estab. 1819)

Maker Role


Date Made


Place Made

Glasgow, Scotland

Medium and Materials



17 x 12cm

Credit Line

Collection of Alberton, Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga

Object Type


Object number


Copyright Licence  

All rights reserved

This object is from
Alberton   Alberton

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