Greetings Card, Bluff Fire Brigade; Phillips Bros.; 1909; BL.P715


Greetings Card, Bluff Fire Brigade

About this object

This Christmas card from 1909 shows the ten men of the Bluff Fire Brigade. In the back row from left to right are Fireman T. West, Fireman A. Gilson, and Fireman J. Cantrick. In the middle row, from left to right are Fireman J. Haywood, Hydrant man Lieutenant S.E. Gilson, Captain R.Wright, Foreman H. Butterfield, Fireman J. Matherson, Hydrant man and Secretary. In the front row from left to right are Fireman C. J. Fox, Branchman and Fireman J. E. King, Branchman.

In the 19th century fire was a constant threat to the predominately wooden settlements of New Zealand. Local brigades made up of volunteers from the community were charged with fighting any outbreaks. But by 1909, following the Municipal Corporation Act 1867, Councils were setting up regulated fire brigades and paying its core members.

These new regimented brigades were often characterised by their military style uniforms and ranks. Yet they were still composed predominately of local men continuing a strong community identity and commitment.


Phillips Bros.

Maker Role


Date Made




Place Made

Oceania, New Zealand, South Island, Southland, Invercargill

Medium and Materials

organic, vegetal, processed material, paper, photographic paper
organic, vegetal, processed material, paper, cardboard


h 165 mm x w 105 mm

Subject and Association Keywords

Emergency Services

Object Type


Object number


Copyright Licence  

Public Domain Public Domain

This object is from

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