Book, 'Elementary Lessons in Astronomy'; Joseph Lockyer (1836-1920); 1868; XEC.2...


Book, 'Elementary Lessons in Astronomy'


Joseph Lockyer (1836-1920)

Maker Role


About this object

This textbook on astronomy belonged to Anne and Margaret Edith Lush in 1871. The girls used this book for their schooling lessons and there are some calculations in pencil inside the front cover.

During the 19th century, educating girls was seen by many parents to be fruitless. This was because women were expected to marry, have children and run a household, all of which did not need formal education. (1) However, Anne and Margaret Edith’s parents, Vicesimus and Blanche Lush, stressed the importance of education and endeavoured to educate their children, including their four daughters. (2) As the Anglican minister of the Howick parish in Auckland, Vicesimus Lush established a school at All Saints Church in 1851. According to his journals, the school roll included 15 girls and 12 boys and his wife helped in teaching the girls during the afternoon. Anne and Margaret Edith were largely taught their father, their older sister Blannie, as well as governesses, but they also received lessons in French, German and art by other people in the community. Therefore, Anne, Margaret Edith and their sisters received a higher education than most other girls of their era.

(1) Anne Else, ‘Gender inequalities – Education,’ Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand,
(2) Gillian Nelson, ‘”In quietness and in confidence shall be your strength”: Vicesimus Lush and his journals, 1850-1882,’ Master’s thesis Victoria University of Wellington, 2012, p. 28

For more information about the Lush family and Ewelme Cottage, which is cared for by Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga, visit our website.

Medium and Materials



16 x 12 x 2cm

Date Made


Place Made

London, England


MacMillan and Co. (estab. 1843)

Publication Date


Publication Place

London, England

Credit Line

Collection of Ewelme Cottage, Heritage New Zealand Historic Pouhere Taonga

Object Type


Object number


Copyright Licence  

All rights reserved

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