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Book, 'Barnard Smith's School Arithmetic'; Barnard Smith; 1865; XAH.C.884

Book, 'Barnard Smith's School Arithmetic'; Barnard Smith; 1865; XAH.C.884
Name/Title
Book, 'Barnard Smith's School Arithmetic'
Maker Role
Author
About this object
The hardbound textbook, entitled ‘Barnard Smith’s School Arithmetic’ belonged to Adeline Violet Kerr Taylor.

Adeline Violet Kerr Taylor, commonly referred to as Violet, attended a private primary school in Morningside, Auckland, which consisted of only 10 pupils, and later attended Auckland Girls’ High School. In her report on the Kerr Taylor family, Jan Harris writes that Violet would have received a very different education to that of her brothers, Violet would have studied arithmetic instead of mathematics, and sewing, singing, and drawing in place of science. (1) However, Violet’s name can be found written in a number of scientific textbooks in Alberton’s library, including elementary botany, inorganic chemistry, elementary chemistry, and physics.

During the 19th century, educating girls was seen by many parents to be fruitless. This was because women were expected to marry, have children, and run a household, all of which did not need formal education. It was common for girls to attend primary school in order to obtain a basic knowledge of reading, writing, and maths, but they were less likely to attend secondary school. (2) However, Violet came from a well-off family, and subsequently received a higher education that most other girls of her era.

(1) Jan Harris, ‘Alberton and Its Family,’ 1999
(2) Anne Else, ‘Gender Inequalities – Education,’ Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, URL: www.teara.govt.nz/en/gender-inequalities/page-5, accessed 6 May 2014

For more information about the Kerr Taylor family and Alberton, which is cared for by Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga, visit our website.

Medium and Materials
Paper
Measurements
17.5 x 11.5cm
Date Made
1865
Publisher
C. J. Clay & Sons
Publication Place
Cambridge, England
Publication Date
1865
Credit Line
Collection of Alberton, Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga
Object Type
Book
Object number
XAH.C.884

Tags

Adeline Violet Kerr Taylor
Alberton
Arithmetic
Auckland Girls' High School
Education
Education of women
Morningside
Textbook


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