HomeObject Detail

Book, 'Chardenal's Second French Course'; C. A. Chardenal; 1869; XAH.C.864

Book, 'Chardenal's Second French Course'; C. A. Chardenal, Williams Collins, Sons & Co. Ltd. (estab. 1819); 1869; XAH.C.864
Book, 'Chardenal's Second French Course'
About this object
This hardbound book entitled ‘Chardenal’s Second French Course’ was used by Vincent, Winifred, and Mildred Kerr Taylor for their studies of the French language.

Winifred and Mildred attended a private primary school in Morningside, Auckland, which consisted of only 10 pupils. Later, they attended Auckland Girls’ High School where they studied subjects such as arithmetic, geography, French, Latin, sewing, singing, and drawing, as well as other skills required for running a large household. (1)

During the 19th century, educating girls was seen by many parents to be fruitless. This was because women were expected to marry, have children, and run a household, all of which did not need formal education. It was common for girls to attend primary school in order to obtain a basic knowledge of reading, writing, and maths, but they were less likely to attend secondary school. (2)

Because Winifred and Mildred came from a well-off family, they received a higher education than most other girls of their era. However, this still did not mean that Winifred and Mildred were able to embark upon a career. Once they completed high school, Winifred and Mildred stayed at home and assisted in the daily running of the family household. Despite the expectations that young women would marry and become mothers, Winifred and Mildred never did so, and lived with their younger sister, Muriel, at Alberton until their deaths.

(1) Jan Harris, ‘Alberton and Its Family,’ 1999
(2) Anne Else, ‘Gender Inequalities – Education,’ Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, URL: www.teara.govt.nz/en/gender-inequalities/page-5, accessed 6 May 2014

For more information about the Kerr Taylor family and Alberton, which is cared for by Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga, visit our website.

Maker Role
Maker Role
Date Made
Medium and Materials
17 x 12cm
Credit Line
Collection of Alberton, Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga
Object Type
Object number


Auckland Girls' High School
Education of women
Mildred Kerr Taylor

Include tags such as place names, people, dates, events and colours. Use commas to separate multiple tags. e.g. Pablo Picasso, Madrid, red, 1930s.

Copyright Licence Help
All rights reserved
+ Add Comment